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Frequency Response Analyzers

SFRA45 – Transformer Sweep Frequency Response Analyzer

PSM1700 – High Accuracy 100Vpk Input
PSM1735 – High Accuracy 0.01dB

PSM3750 – High Accuracy 50MHz Bandwidth
Basic Accuracy0.02dB0.02dB0.01dB0.01dB
Phase Accuracy0.025°0.02°0.02°0.025°
Frequency Range5Hz ~ 45MHz10uHz ~ 1MHz10uHz ~ 35MHz10uHz ~ 50MHz
Generator10Vpk Grounded10Vpk Grounded10Vpk Grounded15Vpk Isolated
InputSingle Ended GroundedSingle Ended DifferentialSingle Ended Grounded and Balanced DifferentialIsolated
Display480×272 Colour TFT Graphic320×240 Mono LCD Graphic320×240 Mono LCD Graphic480×272 Colour TFT Graphic

What is a Frequency Response Analyzer?

A Frequency Response Analyzer (FRA) is a high precision measurement instrument used to analyze components, circuits and systems (known as devices under test, or DUT’s) in the frequency domain. An FRA typically generates a sinusoidal signal and injects it  into a component, circuit or system under test. This signal is measured at the point of injection using one of the input channels on the FRA, usually channel 1. 

The injection signal travels through the device under test and the same signal is measured simultaneously by the frequency response analyzer at a second reference point – normally the output of the system, using channel 2. The use of sinewaves allows the frequency domain behavior (the frequency response) of a system to be determined.

Frequency Response Analyzer Connection Diagram

Frequency Response Analyzer connection to DUT

The diagram on the left illustrates a basic overview for connecting an FRA to a DUT, the signal generator and reference channel (CH1) are connected to the input of the DUT, CH2 is connected to the output of the DUT.

This connection method enables the frequency domain behavior (also known as the frequency response) of the DUT to be determined. The response of the DUT over a specific frequency range can be determined by performing a “sweep”, this involves stepping the injected frequency across a range of frequencies pre-selected by the user.

Frequency Response Analyzer block diagram

Once the test signals reach the inputs of the frequency response analyzer, they are signal conditioned with N4L proprietary ranging circuitry and then digitized via a high linearity ADC. After digitization, the data is passed to the FPGA/DSP for discrete fourier analysis. The DFT acts as a “notch filter” to extract only the injected signal frequency, all other frequencies are rejected. For example, if a 1kHz signal is injected into the circuit by the FRA generator, the frequency response analyzer utilizes the  DFT process to extract the 1kHz component only from the signal passed to the FPGA.

Without the DFT process, the signal digitized by the frequency response analyzer would also contain noise. The DFT process provides excellent selectivity and very high (120dB) dynamic range.

The output of the DFT from both CH1 and CH2 are compared, with respect to both magnitude and phase shift. The absolute gain (CH2/CH1) is converted into a dB value and both dB gain and phase shift in degrees are displayed.

How can I use a Frequency Analyzer for my development work?

A frequency response analyzer should be considered as important as an oscilloscope to any hardware eopngineer, it is a primary design tool that would play an important role on any hardware engineers test bench. It is important to remember that N4L FRA’s are precision instruments, featuring calibrated inputs and offering measurement accuracies usually only seen within metrology.

An FRA can be used to characterize the gain/phase response of an input filter circuit, determine the AC signal behavior of a transistor, determine whether or not a servo motor control system is stable, enable an engineer to determine the transfer function of a device or subsystem. These are only a few of the many thousands of applications a frequency response analyzer can be applied to.

Example Applications

Control Loop
Filter Design
Audio Amplifier
Coax Cable
LDO Regulator
Signal Transformer
Cross Talk
RFI/EMC Filter

Wide bandwidth Frequency Response Analyzers Combined with Multi Function Measurement

In a world where engineers from many different application areas require ever increasing speed, flexibility and measurement accuracy, the PSM range is a new generation of versatile frequency response analyzers that offer leading performance in every mode without the compromise on accuracy or the additional cost that is commonly associated with such flexible instruments. Newtons4th utilise innovative modern technology and unique circuit design in our instruments to achieve such high accuracy without excessive cost.


The PSM range of instrumentation provide not just conventional frequency response measurements but can also be combined with an Impedance Analysis Interface to form a high accuracy impedance analyser, in the case of the PSM3750 this solution is able to provide impedance analysis up to 50MHz

Additional features include an oscilloscope function (PSM3750 + SFRA45) as well as Power Analyzer, Harmonic Analyzer and Vector Voltmeter modes.

Comparison table of complete Frequency Response Analyzer Range

green_polo_icon Standard        yellow_polo_icon Option        red_polo_icon Not Available

SFRA45 – Transformer Sweep Frequency Response Analyzer

PSM1700 – High Accuracy 100Vpk Input
PSM1735 – High Accuracy 0.01dB 35MHz
PSM3750 – High Accuracy 50MHz Bandwidth
Basic Accuracy0.02dB0.02dB0.01dB0.01dB
Phase Accuracy0.025°0.02°0.02°0.025°
Frequency Range5Hz ~ 45MHz10uHz ~ 1MHz10uHz ~ 35MHz10uHz ~ 50MHz
MeasurementReal Time DFTReal Time DFTReal Time DFTReal Time DFT
IAI Impedance Analysis Option Available
IAI Impedance Analysis Basic Accuracy0.1%0.1%0.1%
LCR Active Head Option Available
LCR Active Head Accuracy0.2%0.2%
No. of Channels2222 or 3
True RMS Voltmeter
Isolated Generator
Isolated Inputs
Harmonic Analyzer
Power Analyzer
Input Max Voltage10Vpk100Vpk10Vpk500Vpk
No. of Ranges99916
USB Memory Port
LAN Port
RS232 Port
Real Time Clock
19in Rack Mount Option
Internal Memory1000 Records8000 Records8000 Records16000 Records
Dimensions Excl. Feet (HxWxD mm)305 x 230 x 45170 x 350 x 250170 x 350 x 25092 x 215 x 312
Weight (Instrument)2.7kg4kg4kg3.3 – 3.5kg